Archive for 2011/10/21

Next Stop When Living In Space Is The Asteroid Belt Part 1

Liv­ing In Space ulti­mately means sus­tain­ing human life in space, and being free of the con­fines that bind us to Earth, where life began. The goal is to sus­tain our­selves in an envi­ron­ment that’s eter­nal with unlim­ited pos­si­bil­i­ties. That envi­ron­ment is outer space, not other plan­ets or moons, and the ini­tial launch­ing pad is Earth.
Now that we can pro­tect our­selves from solar radi­a­tion, we can begin to pre­pare for the first AwayMis­sion, past the Moon and beyond, to the Aster­oid Belt. The first pur­pose of trav­el­ing to the Aster­oid Belt will be to mine its valu­able mate­ri­als and build new Hotels In Space.

The Aster­oid Belt is a region between the inner plan­ets and outer plan­ets where bil­lions of aster­oids are found orbit­ing the Sun. The Main Aster­oid Belt is located between Mars and Jupiter. Aster­oids are pri­mor­dial left­over rocky mat­ter that never suc­cess­fully con­verged into a planet or moon, but con­tinue to revolve around the Sun.
There are 26 known aster­oids larger than 200 km across. Half of the Aster­oid Belt range from 10 km to 100 km in diam­e­ter. In num­bers, the vast major­ity of aster­oids are small, very small between grains of sand and car size..

What makes trav­el­ing to the aster­oid belt so appeal­ing is the pre­cious met­als it holds includ­ing vast deposits of nickel, iron, lead, and mag­ne­sium. In addi­tion to these met­als, sci­en­tists believe water, oxy­gen, gold and plat­inum also exist on some aster­oids. Tasha9503 believes there is enough vital mate­r­ial there to mine, smelt, and man­u­fac­ture liv­ing accom­mo­da­tions, on loca­tion, with­out need­ing fuel to lift it off a planet..

Once inside the Belt, six robotic arms will be deployed to dis­sect the aster­oids that are smaller than 9m (9 yards) in diam­e­ter, length or width, and posi­tion the pieces within the cargo bays. The pieces will be extracted of all its use­ful mate­r­ial, and smelted down in prepa­ra­tion to man­u­fac­ture new infra­struc­ture and com­po­nents to build repro­duc­tions of the Hotels In Space..

Some peo­ple have sug­gested that left-over mate­r­ial mined from the Aster­oid Belt could be thrown on a col­li­sion course with Mars, enlarg­ing the planet, and in turn cre­at­ing a stronger grav­i­ta­tional force that would allow the planet to hold oxy­gen and hydro­gen, two ele­ments needed to sup­port life. As we throw the mate­r­ial at Mars, we will be alter­ing its spin and its orbit.  As this can be achieved, Mars will become inhab­it­able. Humans will take on an entirely new way of life as Martians..

How Will We Obtain Food When Living In Space

With­out food and humans can’t live, so liv­ing in space requires some unique ways to obtain a food source. Ini­tially, food will be lifted with each launch. Menus will be filled out and lifted for the entire length of the visitor’s stay in space. Many of the menu items will be frozen and con­tained in freezer stor­age as needed. If the vis­i­tor extends his or her stay when liv­ing in space, food can be lifted in sub­se­quent launches.
But how are peo­ple going to be fed when the hotel goes beyond our means of sup­ply? Will liv­ing in space be prac­ti­cal? The answer is to grow our own food in space. There are sev­eral ways to do this and I’ll be dis­cussing the most prac­ti­cal solu­tions for grow­ing food in outer space. Before we look at var­i­ous meth­ods, we have to con­sider the prac­ti­cal­ity of grow­ing in space if we are to live in space.

One, it’s very imprac­ti­cal to be lift­ing large amounts of soil to grow ter­res­trial plants; there­fore, another method of grow­ing food has to be devised. One good solu­tion is grow­ing using Hydro­pon­ics, a method of grow­ing plants using min­eral nutri­ent solu­tions, in water, with­out soil. With hydro­pon­ics, an abun­dant amount of fresh food can be con­tin­u­ally grown and har­vested for con­sump­tion daily.

Another solu­tion is using aero­pon­ics, a tech­nique for grow­ing (cul­ti­vat­ing) plants with­out them being in soil or in hydro­ponic (water) media. The plants are held above a sys­tem that con­stantly, or inter­mit­tently, mists the roots with nutrient-laden water.

Aer­ial plants nor­mally grow in trop­i­cal cli­mates that expe­ri­ence an abun­dance of rain such as in the rain forests of trop­i­cal areas of the world. These plants are not nor­mally used for con­sump­tion; how­ever, with cross or hybrid breed­ing, plants could be grown aero­pon­i­cally with very high nutri­ent value for human con­sump­tion.
The bot­tom line for extended liv­ing in space is we want to grow plants where we can con­sume the whole plant, includ­ing the roots, stock, fruit, and leaves. Tra­di­tion­ally, we just eat the fruit and either com­pose or throw the rest of the plant away; how­ever, research sug­gests that many potent nutri­ents are con­tained in the other parts of the plant that we nor­mally don’t eat.

Addi­tion­ally, many types of plants that uti­lize the stock and root are used for nat­ural heal­ing pur­poses. Also, as plants grow, oxy­gen is gen­er­ated from the leaf of the plant for us to breathe. Whether plants that we grow in space can gen­er­ate enough oxy­gen for us to sur­vive is ques­tion­able at this stage. Nether the less, grow­ing plants is an essen­tial aspect of liv­ing in space for extended peri­ods of time.

Life Support Systems When Living in Space

Livin­gIn­Space could never hap­pen if we were not able to sus­tain our­selves in such a harsh envi­ron­ment as outer space. HotelsIn­Space will offer elab­o­rate and sophis­ti­cated sys­tems to sup­port life with a redun­dancy to the sixth or twelfth. Basi­cally, there are three areas that are absolutely nec­es­sary to sus­tain life in space: water, food, and breath­able air.

Water Sup­ply

Where there’s water, there’s life, at least on our planet. All liv­ing things from plants to humans must have water to sur­vive. Here is how Tasha9503 pro­poses to ful­fill that need. With each of the ini­tial six heavy lift launches, in addi­tion to satel­lites, com­put­ers, fuel con­tain­ers, air and water puri­fiers, water will also be trans­ported. Each launch will trans­port enough water to sus­tain 36 peo­ple in space. After the ini­tial six launches, there will be enough water trans­ported to sus­tain 216 peo­ple for a lim­ited time. When the first pas­sen­ger vehi­cle arrives with 213 pas­sen­gers to the newly ren­o­vated space­ship , there will be enough water to sus­tain these peo­ple, just for a few days or weeks. Each HotelsIn­Space will be able to sup­port between 36 and 40 peo­ple indef­i­nitely.
This will be made pos­si­ble by recy­cling the water sup­ply. Water puri­fiers will con­vert water used for clean­ing into pure water. The same puri­fiers will also recy­cle urine into fresh water. Dehu­mid­i­fiers will extract humid­ity cre­ated by our own sweat and breath­ing then purify the col­lected water into reusable water.

Food Sup­ply

With each heavy lift vehi­cle, food will also be trans­ported in the form of dry and frozen food. Frozen food will be lifted in freez­ers and will remained frozen until peo­ple need it as they arrive in their newly ren­o­vated HotelsIn­Space. Food will also be trans­ported along with pas­sen­gers in each pas­sen­ger vehi­cle with each launch. This fresh food will con­sist of menu items that each pas­sen­ger fills out prior to their flight. It’s some­what like bring­ing fresh food on air­lin­ers today and feed­ing peo­ple on board, only the space food will be spe­cific to people’s diet and desires. The food needed for each Hotel In Space guest will be trans­ported with the guest or on later flights depend­ing on the dura­tion of their stay.

Air Sup­ply

Breath­able air will be con­tained and stored along side the water con­tain­ers under benches and coun­ters, and released through­out the space­ship via air ducts. As air qual­ity dimin­ishes based on fac­tors such as low oxy­gen, high car­bon diox­ide, increases in tem­per­a­ture and changes in rel­a­tive humid­ity, the air will be scrubbed and recy­cled to sus­tain life inside the HotelsIn­Space. This is accom­plished with air puri­fiers. Basi­cally air puri­fiers will work by reduc­ing the lev­els of car­bon diox­ide as well as gen­er­at­ing oxy­gen by elec­trol­y­sis of water, as one example.

Other meth­ods are being designed and tested and may be employed as these meth­ods are proven prac­ti­cal for Livin­gIn­Space. One method, cur­rently in the con­cep­tion stage, basi­cally col­lects par­ti­cles from the air and fil­tered in green­houses. Tasha9503 has plans to uti­lize such con­cepts; this method will be prac­ti­cal for longer flights that will go beyond our planet. The advan­tage with such a method is that the green­houses will be a prac­ti­cal means for food pro­duc­tion along with stale air con­sist­ing of car­bon diox­ide being released into the green­houses to sus­tain the plants.

All air water gasses and other prod­ucts will be piped and pumped between the space­ship and land­ing craft when there are docked. Extra sub­stances can be pack­aged pack­aged and trans­ported in the cargo bays.

Living In Space Ships Involves Six Heavy Lift Vehicle Launches

Liv­ing in space requires a secure infra­struc­ture and here’s how that infra­struc­ture is estab­lished. Each rocket or heavy lift vehi­cle that is launched will con­tain one cargo bay con­tain­ing six satel­lites, more or less, depend­ing on the size of the satel­lites, and three fuel tanks. Each fuel tank will be housed in their own com­part­ment on sep­a­rate floors of the rocket shared with life sup­port sys­tem equip­ment. Along with the first rocket launched, an empty pas­sen­ger vehi­cle will be launched, but returned to Earth as soon as it reaches orbital alti­tude. The rea­son for it being launched empty and return­ing back to Earth is to reas­sure the pub­lic that a pas­sen­ger vehi­cle can suc­cess­fully be launched to orbital alti­tude and be able to return back to Earth. After all, peo­ple will want to return back to Earth after hav­ing spent some time in space, at least most people.

The sec­ond rocket will be launched in the same man­ner as the first along with a test launch of the pas­sen­ger vehi­cle to once again reas­sure the pub­lic of a safe return­ing jour­ney into space.

With each of the next four rocket launches, pas­sen­ger land­ing vehi­cles will also be launched; how­ever this time they will remain in space and orbit Earth along with the heavy lift vehi­cles. With six heavy lift vehi­cles, each con­tain­ing satel­lites and empty fuel tanks in orbit, ren­o­va­tions will begin. Ren­o­va­tions will be per­formed by robots and will include: attach­ing the rock­ets together, clean­ing out the spent fuel tanks, a total of 18 all together, and attach­ing and seal­ing the fuel tanks to the out­side of the struc­ture. Once this is done, com­plete ren­o­va­tions will be under­taken that will include: rooms, Jef­fer­tubes, elec­tri­cal and plumb­ing, state of the art elec­tron­ics, and every­thing needed to oper­ate HotelsIn­Space orbit­ing the planet Earth.

Com­plet­ing the Struc­ture to Trans­form into a spaceship.

Com­plet­ing the final struc­ture, now a glam­orous space hotel, two parts of it will be set in a rota­tional motion mag­net­i­cally thus pro­duc­ing arti­fi­cial grav­ity. With a spin­ning fully func­tional HotelsIn­Space, robotic arms can remove the satel­lites from the six cargo bays and fling them into space employ­ing a rota­tional sys­tem where the robotic arms rotate around the out­side struc­ture of the hotel. Along with the rota­tional action of the hotel struc­ture itself, satel­lites can be eas­ily flung into their own orbits any­where in the solar sys­tem depend­ing on the posi­tion of the hotel as it revolves around the planet.

Once all satel­lites have been sent off into their own orbits, the empty cargo bays will be used as Zero Grav­ity facil­i­ties for spe­cial events and pur­poses that requires Zero­Grav­ity such as some sport­ing and gam­ing events, Zero­Grav­i­ty­Sex or any­thing else that Humans could enjoy in a Zero­Grav­ity envi­ron­ment such as cre­at­ing spe­cial effects for fea­ture films.
Once we lift 1200 more peo­ple and 36 more satel­lites, we have another space­ship.
Oh! Did I tell you? We can re use the used rocket engines as catch­ers mitts to col­lect Space­Junk.
Deal­ing with Space­Junk is pre­lude to cap­tur­ing aster­oids to mine for the NextGen­er­a­tion to do.

Living in Space Begins with the Launch

Liv­ingLn­Space is expen­sive and it will only be prac­ti­cal for the masses when pro­duc­tion is less expen­sive and totally effi­cient. There­fore, a build­ing in space capa­ble of accom­mo­dat­ing hun­dreds of peo­ple should be designed and con­structed with mate­r­ial that has been used in another capac­ity; specif­i­cally, a build­ing that is con­structed from the vary mate­r­ial that launched it in the first place.

That mate­r­ial I’m refer­ring to is the Heavy Launch Vehi­cles (HLV) that arrived in Low Earth Orbit with their pay­loads. The HLV must be designed in a way that allows it to eas­ily be cleaned, ren­o­vated and attached to other HLVs to pro­duce the needed infra­struc­ture in space.

Until 2011, all rock­ets lift one satel­lite at a time or two if both satel­lites are in the same orbit, sep­a­rated by a short dis­tance, but with a newly designed HLV, one rocket will be able to lift six or more satel­lites, depend­ing on their size and weight. In 2009, it costs 20 mil­lion dol­lars to lift one satel­lite. Six satel­lites will be able to be lifted with one HLV at a cost of 7 mil­lion dol­lars each, sav­ing 13 mil­lion dol­lars per satel­lite lifted into Earth’s orbit, accord­ing to Tasha9503.(1999 prices)

The types of satel­lites that could be lifted at this cost include: com­mu­ni­ca­tion, GPS, and tele­vi­sion to name a few. This is big busi­ness and its prof­its will go toward the real­ity of humans liv­ing in space. From this design of space infra­struc­ture, satel­lites can be pro­pelled to the depths of our solar sys­tem or placed in an orbit around a par­tic­u­lar planet or other heav­enly body that has enough grav­ity to keep the satel­lite at a con­sis­tent orbit.

Here’s How It Works

Each HLV will be equipped with a robotic arm. When 6 HLV are attached, cleaned and ren­o­vated, to pro­duce one piece of infra­struc­ture, the six robotic arms will be deployed to sling its cargo of satel­lites into their own pre­des­tined orbits.

Think of the HLV as a con­tainer that trans­ports its cargo, and then becomes a sec­tion of infra­struc­ture that can be used as HotelsIn­Space, accom­mo­dat­ing hun­dreds of visitors.

Once the struc­ture is joined, ren­o­vated and cleaned, it will have been trans­formed into a beau­ti­ful hotel that has the capac­ity to not only exist in space, but also to travel in space to the depths of our solar sys­tem with 12 per­son crews.

Spe­cially equipped vehi­cles, sim­i­lar to the space shut­tle, (smaller and lighter) will be lifted with each launch to trans­port human vis­i­tors to and from the HotelsIn­Space. Dock­ing facil­i­ties will also be built onto each of the HLV’s so each of the HotelsIn­Space will have six dock­ing bays to assure a safe and com­fort­able tran­si­tion from the trans­port vehi­cle to the HotelsInSpace.